The focus of the program is Hemispherical transport of air pollution and action strategies in Europe.
The overall objective of Phase 1 remains i.e. To develop and improve the scientific basis for air pollution policies on national and international scales including relations to climate policy.
The research will be carried out in four work packages:
- Hemispheric transport and international agreements. The research focuses on how hemispherical transport of air pollution affects the presence of particles and ozone in Sweden, the Arctic and Europe, and also includes the climate impact of air pollution. The research will be carried out in collaboration with the Task Force on Hemispheric Air Pollution under the LRTAP Convention.
- Air pollution and health. The research will focus on health effects of particles and how different properties of the particles affect the health effects (sources, size, composition). Furthermore, the possibility of developing differentiated abatement strategies for particles from different sources such as traffic, wood burning, will be investigated.
- Air pollution and ecosystems - ozone and nitrogen. The research is conducted in two parts, one of which focuses on evaluating how ozone affects the growth of forest and thus the carbon sink of the forest. The second part focuses on nitrogen and long-term effects of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Nitrogen research will also contribute to the development of a national nitrogen budget for Sweden.
- Methods and models for identifying cost-effective abatement strategies. The research focuses on further developing the model tools (GAINS) that are used to develop decision making under the LRTAP Convention and EU Air Conservation Policy. The main focus is to evaluate how combined action strategies for air and climate can be developed, how behavioral changes can be included as a measure in the calculations and how new research results on air pollution and climate affect the action strategies.
The program is headed by IVL (Program Manager John Munthe), and the leads for the work packages are:
- Annica Ekman, University of Stockholm and Joakim Langner, SMHI
- Bertil Forsberg, Umeå University and Olena Gruzieva, Karolinska Institutet
- Camilla Andersson, SMHI and Per Erik Karlsson, IVL
- Stefan Åström, IVL and Hans Christen Hansson, Stockholm University
The other participants are: Eva Andersson, GU; Sofia Andersson, IVL; Tom Bellander, KI; Magnuz Engardt, SMHI; Peringe Grennfelt, IVL; Gregor Kiesewetter, IIASA; Jenny Klingberg, GBT; Hans Linderholm, GU; Sverker Molander, Chalmers; Filip Moldan, IVL; Anna Oudin, UmU; Göran Pershagen, KI; Håkan Pleijel, GU; Göran Pershagen, KI, Robert Sander, IIASA; Wolfgang Schöpp, IIASA; Johan Sommar, UmU; Leo Stockfelt, GU Sahl; Gerd Sällsten, GU SAHL
The program starts in 2017 and ends in 2020.